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Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Chrysura simplex  (Dahlbom, 1854)
Image(s)
Chorology: Europeo-Mediterranean
Chorology: Europeo-Mediterranean
Italian distribution of Chrysura simplex
Italian distribution







 

Help AiutoSystematic position of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Chrysidini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)
Species group austriaca
Original combination Chrysis simplex Dahlbom, 1854
Type series Syntypi (Mus.: Berlin)
Original description Magna 3 lin. decimal. long. robusta pubescens et pilosella, capite ad mandibulas lato thoraceque confertim irregolariter punctatis subrugulosis viridi-cyaneis, post-scutello convexo mutico, abdomine confertim punctulato-coriaceo subruguloso plus minus nitido rubro- aut virescenti-aureo, segmenti 3:tii serie ante-apicali obsoletissimo subobliterato, cellula radiali incompleta apice anguste aperta.
Chrysis simplex Klug Mus. Berolin.
Chrysis integra var. major Spinol.
Habitat in Europa meridionali rarius; in Graecia D. Friwaldsky, Mus. Spinolae.
Observ. Quoad capitis structuram Chrysidi austriacae affinis, sed abdominis sculptura et colore facillime distinguenda. - Corpus robustum cano-cinereoque pubescens et pilosellum. Caput magnum subquadratum, ad mandibulas vix minus latum quam ad verticem, confertim punctulato-rugulosum subgranulosum, fusco- et cano- pilosum, vertex et frons lati convexo-depressi viride-cyanei, facies concaviuscolo-plana viridis. Antennae breves proportionales; scapus pedicellus et articulus 3:tius infra cyanei, supra virides, ceteri articuli nigro-fusci. Clypeus latus transversus subtrapezinus inaequalis depressus sparse punctatus nitidus subaurato-viridis, margine apicali piceo: ad latera oblique ad centrum recta truncato. Mandibulae robustae piceae, extus longitudinaliter sulcatae, quiescentes fere recta transverse jacent et ex parte sub clypeo absconditae. Thorax robustus confertim punctatus et punctulatus coriaceus parum nitidus, cyaneus: pronoti margine et postico indeterminate, dorsuli areis lateralibus disco, scutelli et postscutelli disco, metanoti utraque parte postico-laterali mesopleurisque plus aut minus virescentibus. Pronotum transverso-rectangulum, punctato-subreticulatum sulco mediano lanceolato minus determinato abrupto; truncatura antica sub-perpendicularis; foveola centrali politissima nigro-picea. Dorsuli suturae 2 medianae subrectae crenulatae nigricantes. Punctura scutelli crassior quam ceterarum thoracis partium. Metanoti anguli postico-laterales robustae, magnitudine mediocres. Pedes virides, ano alterove latere cyanescentes aut aenescentes, calcaribus testaceis, tarsis brunneis. Alarum tegulae ovales viridi-cyaneae nitidae sparse punctatae. Alae hyalinae in cellula radiali ad costam leviter sordidae; venae firmae piceae; cellula radialis elongata lanceolata apice anguste aperta. Abdomen robustum ovale, latitudine mesothoracis, at capite thoraceque simul sumtis longius, confertissime punctulato-coriaceum sericeo-nitens, viridi- aut purpureo-aureum, segmenti 1:mi impressio basalis semicircularis et segmenti 2:di margo basalis nigro-aenescentes; in disco segmentorum 1:mi et 2:dii carinula mediana levissima planiuscula subpolita ad certum situm luminis observatur. Segmentum 3:tium totum aequaliter convexum, series ante-apicalis fere obliterata, tantummodo ut vestigium hujus considerari potest linea immersa obsoleta transverso-arcuata foveolas nonnulas obsoletissimas fovens; margo apicalis summus nigro-piceus perfecte convexo-arcuatus. Venter planus confertissime et subtiliter punctulato coriaceus, punctulis segmenti 2:di obliquis, segmento 1:mo basi utrinque punctis nonnullis crassis adsperso, igneo-auratus marginibus segmentorum violascentibus.
Synonymy  
Systematic notes  

Help AiutoGeographic distribution of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

World distribution
Type locality Greece, S Europa
Kimsey & Bohart Palaearctic: CS Europe (Greece), N Africa
Linsenmaier CS Europe, Algeria
Other Authors W Palaearctic
Chorology Europeo-Mediterranean
Distribution notes  
Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna
Macroregion North (N): TRUE South (S): TRUE Sicily (Si): TRUE Sardinia (Sa): FALSE
Endemic FALSE
Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)   
Adm. Region Literature records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont TRUE Invrea, 1922 (as Chrysis on flowers of Sedum, Daucus carota L. and Crepis hieracioides Lam.); Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Valle d'Aosta|Aosta V. TRUE Rosa, 2002c, 2005a, 2006a; TRUE
Lombardia|Lombardy FALSE TRUE
Trentino Alto Adige TRUE Bonelli, 1968 (as Chrysis), 1971; Rosa, 2005; TRUE
Veneto FALSE FALSE
Friuli V.G. TRUE Graffe, 1895 (as Chrysis on Euphorbia); Kusdas, 1958 (as Chrysis); FALSE
Liguria TRUE Rosa, 2005; TRUE
Emilia Romagna FALSE Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Toscana|Tuscany FALSE FALSE
Umbria FALSE FALSE
Marche FALSE FALSE
Lazio FALSE FALSE
Abruzzo FALSE FALSE
Molise FALSE FALSE
Campania FALSE FALSE
Puglia|Apulia FALSE FALSE
Basilicata FALSE FALSE
Calabria TRUE Invrea, 1941c (as Chrysis pyrogaster simplex); Rosa, 2005a; FALSE
Sicilia|Sicily TRUE De Stefani, 1888 (as Chrysis from nests of Chalicodoma muraria); Mocsáry, 1889 (as Chrysis); Bischoff, 1910 (as Chrysis); Trautmann, 1927; FALSE
Sardegna|Sardinia FALSE FALSE
Distribution notes

Help AiutoBiology of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Known Hosts
Polyphagous
FALSE
 
Tenthredinidae
FALSE
Vespidae
FALSE
Eumenidae
FALSE
Masaridae
FALSE
Sphecidae
FALSE
Apidae
FALSE
Colletidae
FALSE
Halictidae
FALSE
Megachilidae
TRUE
Chalicodoma muraria (De Stefani, 1888); Osmia caementaria, O. cornuta (Berland & Bernard, 1938)
Anthophoridae
FALSE
Lepidoptera
FALSE
Notes on Hosts
Known Habitat
Habitat  
Plants for rest/refuge Euphorbia (Graffe, 1895); Sedum, Daucus carota L. and Crepis hieracioides Lam. (Invrea, 1922)
Parasites  
Biological notes  

For citation purposes:

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P., 2017 : Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854) . In: Chrysis.net Database of the Italian Chrysididae, interim version 20 July 2017 . URL: http://www.chrysis.net/database/.