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Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Trichrysis cyanea  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Image(s)
Chorology: Palearctic
Chorology: Palearctic
Italian distribution of Trichrysis cyanea
Italian distribution







 

Help AiutoSystematic position of Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Chrysidini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species group  
Original combination Sfex cyanea Linnaeus, 1759
Type series Lectotypus ♂ des. by Morgan (1984) (Mus.: London)
Original description S. glabra nitida, thorace abdomineque caeruleo: apice tridentato.
Habitat in muris Europae.

Photo of the type
Synonymy veridans (Har.), cuprea (Geof.), bidentata (Vill.)
Systematic notes [from: Strumia, 2009] Only three species were previously recorded from the Mediterranean region: Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758), Trichrysis lacerta (Semenov-Tyan-Shanskii & Nikolskaya, 1954) and Trichrysis scioensis Gribodo, 1879. Trichrysis cyanea is widespread in the Palaearctic region,Trichrysis lacerta is known from Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, the Caucasus and Egypt, whereas Trichrysis scioensis Gribodo, 1879 is an Afrotropical species reaching also Egypt and Palestine (Lisenmaier 1999). Trichrysis cypria (Mocsáry, 1902) from Cyprus is a synonym of Trichrysis lacerta. Linsenmaier (1959: 170) found that the name Chrysis cypria Mocsáry, 1902 was preoccupied by Chrysis pyrrhina cypria Buysson, 1897 from Cyprus (Buysson 1897: 555, pl. 19, fig. 11), and renamed the species as C. devia. More recently, Linsenmaier (1968) discovered that the same species had been previously described by Semenov-Tyan-Shanskii and Nikolskaya (1954: 122) as C. lacerta (thus lacerta is the valid name, devia and cypria are synonyms: Linsenmaier 1999: 227).

Help AiutoGeographic distribution of Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758)

World distribution
Type locality Europe
Kimsey & Bohart Palaearctic: Eurasia (widespread) (Europe)
Linsenmaier almost all the Palaearctic Region
Other Authors Eurasia
Chorology Palearctic
Distribution notes Sardinia?
Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna
Macroregion North (N): TRUE South (S): TRUE Sicily (Si): TRUE Sardinia (Sa): TRUE
Endemic FALSE
Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)   
Adm. Region Literature records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont TRUE Buysson, 1890 (as Chrysis); Invrea, 1922; Rosa, 2002c, Rosa, 2005a (on Rosa, Fraxinus ornus, Daucus); Strumia, 2002, 2005; TRUE
Valle d'Aosta|Aosta V. TRUE Rosa, 2002c, 2005a, 2006a; TRUE
Lombardia|Lombardy TRUE Rosa, 2002a, 2002b, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Trentino Alto Adige TRUE Cobelli, 1903, 1910 (as Chrysis); Bonelli, 1966, 1971; Wolf, 1971; Hellrigl, 1996; Rosa, 2005a, 2006b; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Veneto TRUE Giordani Soika, 1932 (as Chrysis parasitoid of Trypoxylon figulus L. and T. attenuatum); Strumia, 1990, 2005; Rosa, 2005a; TRUE
Friuli V.G. TRUE Kusdas, 1958 (as Chrysis); Kusdas & Thurner, 1955 (as Chrysis); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Liguria TRUE Spinola, 1806 (as Chrysis); Mantero, 1899 (as Chrysis); Invrea, 1920, 1922a; Rosa, 2005a (on Daucus, Prunus, Corylus, Vitis); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Emilia Romagna TRUE Grandi, 1927 (as Chrysis (Dichrysis)), 1931 (as Chrysis), 1937; Zangheri, 1969 (as Chrysis); Rosa, 2005a, 2005, 2006b; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Toscana|Tuscany TRUE Rossi, 1790 (as Chrysis); Contarini, 1843 (as Chrysis); Strumia, 1990; Strumia, 1990, 1995 (ypt), 1997 (host of Trypoxylon attenuatum Smith), 2005; Rosa, 2005a, 2006b TRUE
Umbria TRUE Rosa, 2005a (on Prunus, Corylus); FALSE
Marche TRUE Erlandsson, 1972; TRUE
Lazio TRUE Lepri, 1911 (as Chrysis); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Abruzzo TRUE Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Molise TRUE Strumia, 2005; FALSE
Campania TRUE Rosa, 2005a; FALSE
Puglia|Apulia TRUE De Marzo, 1994 (on Orchis sp.); Strumia, 2005; FALSE
Basilicata TRUE Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; FALSE
Calabria TRUE Invrea, 1941; Rosa, 2005a; FALSE
Sicilia|Sicily TRUE De Stefani, 1888 (as Chrysis); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Sardegna|Sardinia TRUE Strumia, 1995, 2005; FALSE
Distribution notes

Help AiutoBiology of Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758)

Known Hosts
Polyphagous
TRUE
 
Tenthredinidae
FALSE
Vespidae
FALSE
Eumenidae
TRUE
Ancistrocerus and Odynerus parietum (Berland & Bernard, 1938)
Masaridae
FALSE
Sphecidae
TRUE
Trypoxylon attenuatum Sm. (Bequaert, 1909); Trypoxylon figulus L. and T. attenuatum (Giordani Soika, 1932); Trypoxylon figulus, Cemonus unicolor, Nitela spinolae, Ectemnius rubicolus, Pemphredon (Berland & Bernard, 1938); Pison atrum, Psenulus pallipes chevrieri Tourn. (Grandi, 1961); Trypoxylon figulus, Cemonus unicolor, Nitela spinolae, Ectemnius rubicolus, Pemphredon (Berland & Bernard, 1938); Trypoxylon attenuatum Smith (Strumia, 1997); Trypoxylon figulus species group and T. attenuatum species group (Witt, 1998)
Apidae
FALSE
Colletidae
FALSE
Halictidae
FALSE
Megachilidae
TRUE
Heriades truncorum, H. florisomne, Osmia aenea, O. giraudi (Berland & Bernard, 1938)
Anthophoridae
FALSE
Lepidoptera
FALSE
Notes on Hosts
Known Habitat
Habitat  
Plants for rest/refuge Peach, Pyrus, Vitis, Populus nigra, Myrtus infested, stones, poles (Invrea, 1920); in Rubus, Centranthus (Invrea, 1920)
Parasites Eurytoma tibialis (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae), Melittobia strandi (Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae), Holocryptus confector (BERL. & BERN., 1938)
Biological notes  

For citation purposes:

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P., 2017 : Trichrysis cyanea (Linnaeus, 1758) . In: Chrysis.net Database of the Italian Chrysididae, interim version 23 June 2017 . URL: http://www.chrysis.net/database/.