From: Kimsey L.S. & Bohart R.M., 1990 (1991) - The chrysidid wasps of the world. Oxford University Press, ix-652 pp.
Parnopes Latreille, 1796:126. No species. Latreille 1802:317. Type: Chrysis carnea Fabricius 1775:357 (=Chrysis grandior Pallas 1771: 474). Monobasic.
The subfamily Parnopinae Dahlbom, 1854 is a small subfamily comprising only three genera, one of which occurring in Italy (Parnopes). It differs from the Chrysidinae because of the 4 visible terga in males, the greatly developed tegulae, which cover the base of both wings, and the structure of the tongue.
Large size, robust body. Ligula longer than the length of the eyes, tubular, with highly developed gloss and galea; maxilliary palps with three segments, or less; labial palps absent or with two segments, the mouth parts are kept folded under the body in the resting position. Tegulae subovoidal; metanotum with a large projection, apically truncated. Femurs of females belonging to the grandior-group with spines that are used to scrape the nest of the host. Abdomen not metallic, or partially metallic (only the T-I, sometimes only partially).
Parnopes is a Holarctic genus with 4 species in the Palearctic region and 7 in the Nearctic, 2 species in India and 1 in Africa. In Italy and Europe occurs the only species P. grandior and its endemic subspecies linsenmaieri from Sardinia.
For citation purposes
Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P., Chrysis.net website, interim version 20-Dec-2011 , URL: http://www.chrysis.net/.