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Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pseudomalus auratus  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Image(s)
Chorology: Holarctic
Chorology: Holarctic
Italian distribution of Pseudomalus auratus
Italian distribution







 

Help AiutoSystematic position of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Elampini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species group  
Original combination Sphex aurata Linnaeus, 1758
Type series Holotype ♀ (Mus.: London)
Original description S. glabra nitida, thorace viridi, abdomine aureo bidentato.
Habitat in muris Europae.
Synonymy varieties: maculatus
Systematic notes  

Help AiutoGeographic distribution of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

World distribution
Type locality Europa
Kimsey & Bohart Palaearctic: widespread (Europe). R. Nearctic: introduced with a cloud-pattern
Linsenmaier almost all the Palaearctic R., Crete, Anatolia
Other Authors Holarctic Region. Malta (Strumia, 1981)
Chorology Holarctic
Distribution notes  
Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna
Macroregion North (N): TRUE South (S): TRUE Sicily (Si): TRUE Sardinia (Sa): TRUE
Endemic FALSE
Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)   
Adm. Region Literature records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont TRUE Buysson, 1890 (as Ellampus); Invrea, 1922 (as Ellampus), 1941b; Rosa, 2002c, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Valle d'Aosta|Aosta V. TRUE Rosa, 2002c, 2005a, 2006a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Lombardia|Lombardy TRUE Casolari & Casolari, 1980 (as Elampus); Rosa, 2002a, 2002b, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Trentino Alto Adige TRUE Dalla Torre & Kohl, 1879; Cobelli, 1910 (as Ellampus); Marcuzzi, 1956 (as Omalus); Hellrigl, 1996; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Veneto TRUE Massalongo, 1896; Giordani Soika, 1932 (as Ellampus; parasitoid of Trypoxylon figulus L., T.clavicerum Lep., T.attenuatum Sm., Cemonus unicolor F., Passaloecus turionum Dahlb., and P. gracilis Curtis); Erlandsson, 1972; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Friuli V.G. TRUE Graffe, 1895 (as Ellampus); Kusdas & Thurner, 1955 (as Omalus); Kusdas, 1958 (as Omalus); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Liguria TRUE Spinola, 1806 (as Chrysis aurata); Mantero, 1899 (as Ellampus; in dry branches of Rubus fruticosus); Invrea, 1922a; Strumia, 1997 (host of Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.)), 2005; Rosa, 2005a; TRUE
Emilia Romagna TRUE Grandi, 1927 (as Ellampus), 1931 (as Ellampus), 1954 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus), 1959 (as Omalus), 1962 (as Omalus); Roberti, Frilli & Pizzaghi, 1965 (as Omalus); Zangheri, 1969 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus); Rosa, 2004, 2005a, 2005b, 2006b; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Toscana|Tuscany TRUE Rossi, 1792 (as Chrysis aurata); Contarini, 1843 (as Elampus); Cavanna, 1882 (as Omalus; in gals by Cynipis folii Hart. and in nests of various Osmia); Buysson, 1890 (as Ellampus); Mantero, 1905 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus); Zavattari, 1911b (as Ellampus); Grandi, 1929 (as Ellampus); Masi, 1932 (as Ellampus on leaves of Ficus); Grandi, 1936 (as Ellampus); Strumia, 1990 (as Omalus); Strumia, 1995 (ypt); Strumia, 1997 (host of Passaloecus pictus Ribaut), 2000, 2002, 2005; Rosa, 2005a, 2006b; TRUE
Umbria TRUE Rosa, 2005a; TRUE
Marche TRUE Erlandsson, 1972; Strumia, 1990 (as Omalus), 2005; TRUE
Lazio TRUE Lepri, year? (as Ellampus); Grandi, 1934; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Abruzzo TRUE Zavattari, 1915 (as Ellampus); Erlandsson, 1972 (as Omalus on leaves of Arundo donax infested by aphids); Rosa, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Molise FALSE FALSE
Campania TRUE Erlandsson, 1972 (as Omalus); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Puglia|Apulia TRUE Cecconi, 1908 (as Ellampus in Tremiti islands); Rosa, 2005a; Sttrumia, 2005; FALSE
Basilicata TRUE Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Calabria TRUE Gribodo, 1881 (as Omalus); Costa, 1882 (as Omalus); Invrea, 1933 (as Ellampus); Rosa, 2005a; TRUE
Sicilia|Sicily TRUE Ghiliani, 1843 (as Elampus); De Stefani, 1888 (as Ellampus; from gals by Cynipis kollari Hartig); De Stefani & Riggio, 1888 (as Ellampus); Arnone & Romano (1995) (on leaves of Punica granatum L.); Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Sardegna|Sardinia TRUE Costa, 1883; Mantero, 1905a (as Ellampus); Invrea, 1952 (as Ellampus); Rosa, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Distribution notes Gorgona

Help AiutoBiology of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Known Hosts
Polyphagous
TRUE
 
Tenthredinidae
FALSE
Vespidae
FALSE
Eumenidae
FALSE
Masaridae
FALSE
Sphecidae
TRUE
Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.) in Rubus (Bequaert, 1909), Cemonus in gall of Cynips tozae Bosc. (Invrea, 1920), Pemphredon unicolor (Marechal, 1925), Trypoxylon figulus L., T.clavicerum Lep., T.attenuatum Sm., Cemonus unicolor F., Passaloecus turionum Dahlb. and P. gracilis Curtis (Giordani Soika, 1932), Trypoxylon figulus, T. attenuatum, Pemphredon lugubris, Passaloecus brevicornis, Rhopalum tibiale, Philanthus, Cerceris rybyensis (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Psenulus concolor (Dhlb.) in Rubus and in Sambucus (Leclerq, 1940, 1941), Passaloecus and Pemphredon in dead wood or in galls, Trypoxylon, Crabro (Grandi, 1951-1961), Cemonus shuckardi, Corynopus coarctatus (Danks, 1970), Passaloecus insignis (V.L.) (Jacob-Remacle, 1976), Rhopalum coarctatum (Morgan, 1984), Ectemnius (Pagliano, pers.com.), Passaloecus singularis Dhlb. in Rubus (Leclerq, 1988), Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.) and Passaloecus pictus Ribaut (Strumia, 1997)
Apidae
TRUE
Ceratina (Grandi, 1951)
Colletidae
TRUE
Hyleus (Grandi, 1951)
Halictidae
FALSE
Megachilidae
TRUE
Anthidium lituratum (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Anthidium (Grandi, 1951)
Anthophoridae
FALSE
Lepidoptera
FALSE
Notes on Hosts
Known Habitat
Habitat  
Plants for rest/refuge dry branches of Rubus fruticosus (Mantero, 1899), Rubus, Cornus, Populus, Vitis, Lonicera, Euphorbia, Ficus, Myrtus infested by Ceroplastes rusci L., Peach (Invrea, 1920), leaves of Ficus (Masi, 1932), leaves of Arundo donax infested by aphids (Erlandsson, 1972), leaves of Punica granatum L. (Arnone & Romano, 1995); in Rubus (Invrea, 1941)
Parasites Leptocryptus fragilis Grav. (Ichneumonidae) in Rubus (Marechal, 1926, 1927), Diomorus igneiventris (Chalcididoidea: Torymidae), Perithous divinator and mediator (Ichneumonoidea: Pimplinae) (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Diomorus calcaratus Nees (Chalcidoidea: Torymidae)
Biological notes the larva feeds on different supplies in Rubus: Aphids, Spiders, Flies, with a white silk cocoon (Danks, 1970). From gals by Cynipis folii Hart. and in nests of various Osmia (Cavanna, 1882), from gals of Cynipis kollari Hartig (De Stefani, 1888)

For citation purposes:

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P., 2017 : Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) . In: Chrysis.net Database of the Italian Chrysididae, interim version 24 March 2017 . URL: http://www.chrysis.net/database/.