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Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771)

Stilbum cyanurum  (Forster, 1771)
Image(s)
Chorology: Sub-Cosmopolitan
Chorology: Sub-Cosmopolitan
Italian distribution of Stilbum cyanurum
Italian distribution







 

Help AiutoSystematic position of Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Chrysidini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771)
Species group  
Original combination Chrysis cyanura Forster, 1771
Type series Holotypus ♂ (Mus.: London)
Original description Photo of the type
Synonymy splendidum (F.), amethistinum (F.), nobile (Sulzer,1776)
Systematic notes [nec F÷rster]. Varieties: nobile; siculum Tourn.

Help AiutoGeographic distribution of Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771)

World distribution
Type locality Spain
Kimsey & Bohart Oriental: widespread, from tropics to warm areas (Spain)
Linsenmaier CS Europe, Africa, S Asia, China, Indonesia, Australia (Linsenmaier puts also the ssp. siculum)
Other Authors Old world. Maltese islands (Valletta, 1971)
Chorology Sub-Cosmopolitan
Distribution notes  
Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna
Macroregion North (N): TRUE South (S): TRUE Sicily (Si): TRUE Sardinia (Sa): TRUE
Endemic FALSE
Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)   
Adm. Region Literature records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont TRUE Buysson, 1890 (as Stilbum splendidum); Abeille, 1879 (as Stilbum splendidum); Strumia, 2002; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); TRUE
Valle d'Aosta|Aosta V. FALSE FALSE
Lombardia|Lombardy TRUE Magretti, 1881 (as Stilbum splendidum on Allium cepa, Eryngium campestre, Rubus idaeus and various Ericaceae), 1884; Rosa, 2002; Strumia, 2002; Rosa, 2004; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Trentino Alto Adige TRUE Cobelli, 1903 (as Stilbum splendidum), 1910; Bonelli, 1966; Strumia, 1990; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Veneto TRUE Grandi, 1934 (as splendidum siculum); Invrea, 1941b (as cyanurum siculum); Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); TRUE
Friuli V.G. TRUE Graffe, 1895 (as cyanurum nobile; on Trifolium montanum); Ducke, 1901 (as cyanurum nobile; on Ferulago, Dorycnium and Mentha); Kusdas, 1958; TRUE
Liguria TRUE Mantero, 1899 (as splendidum siculum); Invrea, 1920 (as splendidum siculum), 1922a (as splendidum siculum); Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); TRUE
Emilia Romagna TRUE Grandi, 1954; Grandi, 1959; Grandi, 1962 (as cyanurum siculum); Rosa, 2004; Rosa, 2005a; Rosa, 2006b; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Toscana|Tuscany TRUE Piccioli, 1884 (as Stilbum splendidum); Buysson, 1890 (as Stilbum splendidum), 1897 (as splendidum siculum); Zavattari, 1911b (as Stilbum splendidum); Strumia, 1990; Rosa, 2005a; Rosa, 2006b; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Umbria FALSE FALSE
Marche FALSE FALSE
Lazio TRUE Lepri, 1910 (as Stilbum splendidum); Grandi, 1934 (as cyanurum siculum); Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); TRUE
Abruzzo TRUE Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Molise FALSE FALSE
Campania TRUE Buysson, 1890 (as Stilbum splendidum); FALSE
Puglia|Apulia TRUE Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); FALSE
Basilicata TRUE Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; FALSE
Calabria TRUE Invrea, 1941c (as cyanurum siculum); Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Sicilia|Sicily TRUE De Stefani, 1886, 1888 (as Stilbum amethystinum on Mentha as host of Pelopoeus distillatorius), 1894; Riggio, 1888 (as Stilbum amethystinum); Buysson, 1890 (as Stilbum splendidum); Erlandsson, 1972; Strumia, 2005 (as cyanurum siculum); TRUE
Sardegna|Sardinia TRUE Nadig, 1934; Invrea, 1952 (as cyanurum siculum); Erlandsson, 1972; Rosa, 2004; Strumia, 2005; TRUE
Distribution notes Emilia-Romagna (Campadelli et al., 1999)

Help AiutoBiology of Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771)

Known Hosts
Polyphagous
TRUE
 
Tenthredinidae
FALSE
Vespidae
FALSE
Eumenidae
TRUE
Eumenes unguiculatus (Invrea, 1941, as cyanurum siculum); Eumenes (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Delta (Eumenes) unguiculatum (Grandi, 1951, 1961), Katamenes arbustorum (Mingo et al., 1990)
Masaridae
FALSE
Sphecidae
TRUE
Pelopoeus distillatorius (De Stefani, 1888); Sceliphron (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Sceliphron (Grandi, 1951, 1961), Sceliphron caementarium (Campadelli et al., 1999), Sceliphron destillatorium and S. madraspatanum (Mingo et al., 1990)
Apidae
FALSE
Colletidae
FALSE
Halictidae
FALSE
Megachilidae
TRUE
Chalicodoma (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Megachile (Grandi, 1951, 1961)
Anthophoridae
FALSE
Lepidoptera
FALSE
Notes on Hosts parasitoid of wasps builder of mud nests (Campadelli et al., 1999)
Known Habitat
Habitat  
Plants for rest/refuge Allium cepa, Eryngium campestre, Rubus idaeus and various Ericaceae (Magretti, 1881); on Mentha (De Stefani, 1888); on Trifolium montanum (Graffe, 1895); on Ferulago, Dorycnium and Mentha (Ducke, 1901); Evonymus, Eryngium, Mentha rotundifolia (Invrea, 1920); on flowers of Evonymus japonicus L. (Invrea, 1920, as cyanurum siculum); Statice, Mentha, Marubium vulgare (Erlandsson, 1972); in Rubus (Invrea, 1920)
Parasites Leptobatides abeillei Buyss. (Ichneumonidae: Phygadeuontinae) (Berland & Bernard, 1938)
Biological notes  

For citation purposes:

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P., 2017 : Stilbum cyanurum (Forster, 1771) . In: Chrysis.net Database of the Italian Chrysididae, interim version 1 March 2017 . URL: http://www.chrysis.net/database/.