Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

SPECIES LIST

Database of the Italian Chrysididae

Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

European distribution of Philoctetes helveticus
World distribution of Philoctetes helveticus Chorology of Philoctetes helveticus

Systematic position of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Elampini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)
Species group  
Original combination Omalus helveticus Linsenmaier, 1959
Type series Holotypus ♀ (Mus.: Luzern)
Original description 4-5 mm. Fig. 10-13. Diese, am 23.VIII.44 gefundene Species ist interessant durch eigenartig niedrigen Th mit ausserordentlich abgerundet schmalen Mesopleuren, und durch auffallend lange, dunkle Haare auf K, Th, hintern Abd-Seiten und Unter-Seite der Vorder Femora - im übrigen sind die Haare kurz, weisslich. Met und Spitze des Abd ähnlich micans, Anal-Rand aber nur sehr schmal, dunkel-braun. Pkt auch ähnlich micans, aber zahlreicher auf Th, feiner auf K und Abd. Färbung oben und unten dunkel-grün mit schwachen Messing-Reflexen, Abd oben wenig bläulich, an der Spitze wie das Scut mehr golden. Flügel, Tarsen und F ähnlich micans, F etwas dicker. Mandibeln mit drei Seiten-Zähnen (wovon aber nur zwei gut ausgebildet). - Die Zugehörigkeit zu einem der Subgenera Omalus oder Philoctetes wäre erst bei Vorliegen eines ♂ zu entscheiden.
Synonyms and subspecies  
Systematic notes Kimsey & Bohart (l.c.) put helveticus in the genus Pseudomalus, without the type examination. In 1993 Tussac & Tussac put correctly helveticus in the genus Philoctetes, but Strumia (1995) refers again helveticus to Pseudomalus, and in 2001, after the examination of the type of putoni Buysson, suggests the synonymy Pseudomalus helveticus = Pseudomalus putoni. We believe that this synonymy is not true, by considering that either Linsenmaier (1959a, 1997a) for helveticus, and Berland & Bernard (1938) for putoni give detailed drawings of the types, from which it is easy to see that the two species are different. Both the species belong to the genus Philoctetes.

World distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

World distribution
Type locality Switzerland (Engadin, Il Fuorn, 1900 m)
Kimsey & Bohart  
Linsenmaier Switzerland
Other Authors Alpine
Chorology Alpine
Distribution notes Rare alpine species found close to Italian borders (Strumia, 1995)

European distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Country Records
Switzerland
Distribution notes

Italian distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna

Macroregion North (N): South (S): Sicily (Si): Sardinia (Sa):
Endemic
Italian distribution of Philoctetes helveticus
Italian distribution

Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Literature records, Personal evidences and other sources)

Adm. Region Literature records Online records Personal records
Piedmont
Aosta Valley Strumia, 2001; Rosa, 2002c, 2006a;
Lombardy
Trentino Alto Adige
Veneto
Friuli V.G.
Liguria
Emilia Romagna
Tuscany
Umbria
Marche
Lazio
Abruzzo
Molise
Campania
Apulia
Basilicata
Calabria
Sicily
Sardinia
Distribution notes

Data from GBIF

Data from GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility). 6 occurrences.

Scientific name Country Locality State province Coordinates Month & Year Basis of record Dataset Recorded by Collection code Institution code Identified by
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France Col de Cayolle, South 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France - St. Dalmas-Valdeblore. Millefonts 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger BOLD ZSM Christian Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France E Col la Bonette, Le Pra 72009 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts 72009 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Omalus helveticus Linsenmaier, 1959 Switzerland Il Fuorn MATERIAL_CITATION Chur

Biology of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Known Hosts

Polyphagous
Tenthredinidae  
Vespidae  
Eumenidae  
Masaridae  
Sphecidae
Apidae  
Colletidae  
Halictidae  
Megachilidae  
Anthophoridae  
Lepidoptera  
Notes on Hosts

Known Habitat

Habitat 1900m (Linsenmaier, 1959)
Plants for rest/refuge  
Parasites  
Biological notes  

Further pictures of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) drawn from GBIF

No pictures in GBIF.

Systematic position of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Elampini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)
Species group  
Original combination Omalus helveticus Linsenmaier, 1959
Type series Holotypus ♀ (Mus.: Luzern)
Original description 4-5 mm. Fig. 10-13. Diese, am 23.VIII.44 gefundene Species ist interessant durch eigenartig niedrigen Th mit ausserordentlich abgerundet schmalen Mesopleuren, und durch auffallend lange, dunkle Haare auf K, Th, hintern Abd-Seiten und Unter-Seite der Vorder Femora - im übrigen sind die Haare kurz, weisslich. Met und Spitze des Abd ähnlich micans, Anal-Rand aber nur sehr schmal, dunkel-braun. Pkt auch ähnlich micans, aber zahlreicher auf Th, feiner auf K und Abd. Färbung oben und unten dunkel-grün mit schwachen Messing-Reflexen, Abd oben wenig bläulich, an der Spitze wie das Scut mehr golden. Flügel, Tarsen und F ähnlich micans, F etwas dicker. Mandibeln mit drei Seiten-Zähnen (wovon aber nur zwei gut ausgebildet). - Die Zugehörigkeit zu einem der Subgenera Omalus oder Philoctetes wäre erst bei Vorliegen eines ♂ zu entscheiden.
Synonyms and subspecies  
Systematic notes Kimsey & Bohart (l.c.) put helveticus in the genus Pseudomalus, without the type examination. In 1993 Tussac & Tussac put correctly helveticus in the genus Philoctetes, but Strumia (1995) refers again helveticus to Pseudomalus, and in 2001, after the examination of the type of putoni Buysson, suggests the synonymy Pseudomalus helveticus = Pseudomalus putoni. We believe that this synonymy is not true, by considering that either Linsenmaier (1959a, 1997a) for helveticus, and Berland & Bernard (1938) for putoni give detailed drawings of the types, from which it is easy to see that the two species are different. Both the species belong to the genus Philoctetes.

Geographic distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

World distribution

World distribution
Type locality Switzerland (Engadin, Il Fuorn, 1900 m)
Kimsey & Bohart  
Linsenmaier Switzerland
Other Authors Alpine
Chorology Alpine
Distribution notes Rare alpine species found close to Italian borders (Strumia, 1995)

Geographic distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

European distribution

Country Records
Switzerland
Distribution notes

Geographic distribution of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna

Macroregion North (N): South (S): Sicily (Si): Sardinia (Sa):
Endemic
Italian distribution of Philoctetes helveticus
Italian distribution

Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Literature records, Personal evidences and other sources)

Adm. Region Literature records FEI records Personal records
Piedmont
Aosta Valley Strumia, 2001; Rosa, 2002c, 2006a;
Lombardy
Trentino Alto Adige
Veneto
Friuli V.G.
Liguria
Emilia Romagna
Tuscany
Umbria
Marche
Lazio
Abruzzo
Molise
Campania
Apulia
Basilicata
Calabria
Sicily
Sardinia
Adm. Region FEI records Personal records
Piedmont
Aosta Valley
Lombardy
Trentino Alto Adige
Veneto
Friuli V.G.
Liguria
Emilia Romagna
Tuscany
Umbria
Marche
Lazio
Abruzzo
Molise
Campania
Apulia
Basilicata
Calabria
Sicily
Sardinia
Distribution notes

Data from GBIF

Data from GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility). 6 occurrences.

Scientific name Country Locality State province Coordinates Month & Year Basis of record Dataset Recorded by Collection code Institution code Identified by
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France Col de Cayolle, South 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France - St. Dalmas-Valdeblore. Millefonts 72010 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger BOLD ZSM Christian Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France E Col la Bonette, Le Pra 72009 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959) France St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts St. Dalmas-Valdeblore, Millefonts 72009 PRESERVED_SPECIMEN Schmid-Egger All Taxa Biodiversity Inventory - Mercantour/Alpi Marittime (France/Italy) European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT) Schmid-Egger
Omalus helveticus Linsenmaier, 1959 Switzerland Il Fuorn MATERIAL_CITATION Chur

Biology of Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)

Known Hosts

Polyphagous
Tenthredinidae  
Vespidae  
Eumenidae  
Masaridae  
Sphecidae
Apidae  
Colletidae  
Halictidae  
Megachilidae  
Anthophoridae  
Lepidoptera  
Notes on Hosts

Known Habitat

Habitat 1900m (Linsenmaier, 1959)
Plants for rest/refuge  
Parasites  
Biological notes  
No pictures in GBIF.

More info on Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959)


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For citation purposes

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P. (2023) Philoctetes helveticus (Linsenmaier, 1959), in: Chrysis.net Database of the European Chrysididae. Interim version 10 December 2023, URL: https://www.chrysis.net/database-of-the-european-chrysididae/species/?rif=Philoctetes_helveticus.