Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

SPECIES LIST

Database of the Italian Chrysididae

Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)
Image(s)
Chorology: Europeo-Mediterranean
Chorology: Europeo-Mediterranean
Italian distribution of Chrysura simplex
Italian distribution








Systematic position of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Chrysidini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
 
Genus & species Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)
Species group austriaca
Original combination Chrysis simplex Dahlbom, 1854
Type series Syntypi (Mus.: Berlin)
Original description Magna 3 lin. decimal. long. robusta pubescens et pilosella, capite ad mandibulas lato thoraceque confertim irregolariter punctatis subrugulosis viridi-cyaneis, post-scutello convexo mutico, abdomine confertim punctulato-coriaceo subruguloso plus minus nitido rubro- aut virescenti-aureo, segmenti 3:tii serie ante-apicali obsoletissimo subobliterato, cellula radiali incompleta apice anguste aperta.
Chrysis simplex Klug Mus. Berolin.
Chrysis integra var. major Spinol.
Habitat in Europa meridionali rarius; in Graecia D. Friwaldsky, Mus. Spinolae.
Observ. Quoad capitis structuram Chrysidi austriacae affinis, sed abdominis sculptura et colore facillime distinguenda. - Corpus robustum cano-cinereoque pubescens et pilosellum. Caput magnum subquadratum, ad mandibulas vix minus latum quam ad verticem, confertim punctulato-rugulosum subgranulosum, fusco- et cano- pilosum, vertex et frons lati convexo-depressi viride-cyanei, facies concaviuscolo-plana viridis. Antennae breves proportionales; scapus pedicellus et articulus 3:tius infra cyanei, supra virides, ceteri articuli nigro-fusci. Clypeus latus transversus subtrapezinus inaequalis depressus sparse punctatus nitidus subaurato-viridis, margine apicali piceo: ad latera oblique ad centrum recta truncato. Mandibulae robustae piceae, extus longitudinaliter sulcatae, quiescentes fere recta transverse jacent et ex parte sub clypeo absconditae. Thorax robustus confertim punctatus et punctulatus coriaceus parum nitidus, cyaneus: pronoti margine et postico indeterminate, dorsuli areis lateralibus disco, scutelli et postscutelli disco, metanoti utraque parte postico-laterali mesopleurisque plus aut minus virescentibus. Pronotum transverso-rectangulum, punctato-subreticulatum sulco mediano lanceolato minus determinato abrupto; truncatura antica sub-perpendicularis; foveola centrali politissima nigro-picea. Dorsuli suturae 2 medianae subrectae crenulatae nigricantes. Punctura scutelli crassior quam ceterarum thoracis partium. Metanoti anguli postico-laterales robustae, magnitudine mediocres. Pedes virides, ano alterove latere cyanescentes aut aenescentes, calcaribus testaceis, tarsis brunneis. Alarum tegulae ovales viridi-cyaneae nitidae sparse punctatae. Alae hyalinae in cellula radiali ad costam leviter sordidae; venae firmae piceae; cellula radialis elongata lanceolata apice anguste aperta. Abdomen robustum ovale, latitudine mesothoracis, at capite thoraceque simul sumtis longius, confertissime punctulato-coriaceum sericeo-nitens, viridi- aut purpureo-aureum, segmenti 1:mi impressio basalis semicircularis et segmenti 2:di margo basalis nigro-aenescentes; in disco segmentorum 1:mi et 2:dii carinula mediana levissima planiuscula subpolita ad certum situm luminis observatur. Segmentum 3:tium totum aequaliter convexum, series ante-apicalis fere obliterata, tantummodo ut vestigium hujus considerari potest linea immersa obsoleta transverso-arcuata foveolas nonnulas obsoletissimas fovens; margo apicalis summus nigro-piceus perfecte convexo-arcuatus. Venter planus confertissime et subtiliter punctulato coriaceus, punctulis segmenti 2:di obliquis, segmento 1:mo basi utrinque punctis nonnullis crassis adsperso, igneo-auratus marginibus segmentorum violascentibus.
Synonyms and subspecies  
Systematic notes  

Geographic distribution of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

World distribution

Type locality Greece, S Europa
Kimsey & Bohart Palaearctic: CS Europe (Greece), N Africa
Linsenmaier CS Europe, Algeria
Other Authors W Palaearctic
Chorology Europeo-Mediterranean
Distribution notes  

Geographic distribution of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna

Macroregion North (N): South (S): Sicily (Si): Sardinia (Sa):
Endemic

Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)

Adm. Region Literature records FEI records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont Invrea, 1922 (as Chrysis on flowers of Sedum, Daucus carota L. and Crepis hieracioides Lam.); Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Valle d Aosta|Aosta V. Rosa, 2002c, 2005a, 2006a;
Lombardia|Lombardy
Trentino Alto Adige Bonelli, 1968 (as Chrysis), 1971; Rosa, 2005;
Veneto
Friuli V.G. Graffe, 1895 (as Chrysis on Euphorbia); Kusdas, 1958 (as Chrysis);
Liguria Rosa, 2005;
Emilia Romagna Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Toscana|Tuscany 30.V.2012 - ITALIA - Toscana - SI, Asciano - loc.: Lecceto, leg.A. Petrioli
Umbria
Marche
Lazio
Abruzzo
Molise
Campania
Puglia|Apulia
Basilicata 22.VI.2012 - ITALIA - Basilicata - PZ, Viggiano - dintorni, leg.F. Izzillo
Calabria Invrea, 1941c (as Chrysis pyrogaster simplex); Rosa, 2005a;
Sicilia|Sicily De Stefani, 1888 (as Chrysis from nests of Chalicodoma muraria); Mocsáry, 1889 (as Chrysis); Bischoff, 1910 (as Chrysis); Trautmann, 1927;
Sardegna|Sardinia
Distribution notes

Biology of Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854)

Known Hosts

Polyphagous
Tenthredinidae  
Vespidae  
Eumenidae  
Masaridae  
Sphecidae
Apidae  
Colletidae  
Halictidae  
Megachilidae   Chalicodoma muraria (De Stefani, 1888); Osmia caementaria, O. cornuta (Berland & Bernard, 1938)
Anthophoridae  
Lepidoptera  
Notes on Hosts

Known Habitat

Habitat  
Plants for rest/refuge Euphorbia (Graffe, 1895); Sedum, Daucus carota L. and Crepis hieracioides Lam. (Invrea, 1922)
Parasites  
Biological notes  

Copyright, Authorship, and Ownership statements

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For citation purposes

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P. (2020) Chrysura simplex (Dahlbom, 1854), in: Chrysis.net website. Interim version 12 July 2020, URL: https://www.chrysis.net/database-of-the-italian-chrysididae/species/?rif=Chrysura_simplex.