Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)


Database of the Italian Chrysididae

Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Chorology: Holarctic
Chorology: Holarctic
Italian distribution of Pseudomalus auratus
Italian distribution

Systematic position of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Subfamily & Tribe Chrysidinae (Elampini) Size (mm)
Size (mm):
Genus & species Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species group  
Original combination Sphex aurata Linnaeus, 1758
Type series Holotype ♀ (Mus.: London)
Original description S. glabra nitida, thorace viridi, abdomine aureo bidentato.
Habitat in muris Europae.
Synonyms and subspecies varieties: maculatus
Systematic notes  

Geographic distribution of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

World distribution

Type locality Europa
Kimsey & Bohart Palaearctic: widespread (Europe). R. Nearctic: introduced with a cloud-pattern
Linsenmaier almost all the Palaearctic R., Crete, Anatolia
Other Authors Holarctic Region. Malta (Strumia, 1981)
Chorology Holarctic
Distribution notes  

Geographic distribution of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Italian distribution according to the Checklist of the species of the Italian Fauna

Macroregion North (N): South (S): Sicily (Si): Sardinia (Sa):

Italian distribution by Administrative Region (Personal evidences, Literature records and other sources)

Adm. Region Literature records FEI records Personal records
Piemonte|Piedmont Buysson, 1890 (as Ellampus); Invrea, 1922 (as Ellampus), 1941b; Rosa, 2002c, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Valle d Aosta|Aosta V. Rosa, 2002c, 2005a, 2006a; Strumia, 2005;
Lombardia|Lombardy Casolari & Casolari, 1980 (as Elampus); Rosa, 2002a, 2002b, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Trentino Alto Adige Dalla Torre & Kohl, 1879; Cobelli, 1910 (as Ellampus); Marcuzzi, 1956 (as Omalus); Hellrigl, 1996; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Veneto Massalongo, 1896; Giordani Soika, 1932 (as Ellampus; parasitoid of Trypoxylon figulus L., T.clavicerum Lep., T.attenuatum Sm., Cemonus unicolor F., Passaloecus turionum Dahlb., and P. gracilis Curtis); Erlandsson, 1972; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Friuli V.G. Graffe, 1895 (as Ellampus); Kusdas & Thurner, 1955 (as Omalus); Kusdas, 1958 (as Omalus); Strumia, 2005;
Liguria Spinola, 1806 (as Chrysis aurata); Mantero, 1899 (as Ellampus; in dry branches of Rubus fruticosus); Invrea, 1922a; Strumia, 1997 (host of Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.)), 2005; Rosa, 2005a;
Emilia Romagna Grandi, 1927 (as Ellampus), 1931 (as Ellampus), 1954 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus), 1959 (as Omalus), 1962 (as Omalus); Roberti, Frilli & Pizzaghi, 1965 (as Omalus); Zangheri, 1969 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus); Rosa, 2004, 2005a, 2005b, 2006b; Strumia, 2005;
Toscana|Tuscany Rossi, 1792 (as Chrysis aurata); Contarini, 1843 (as Elampus); Cavanna, 1882 (as Omalus; in gals by Cynipis folii Hart. and in nests of various Osmia); Buysson, 1890 (as Ellampus); Mantero, 1905 (as Ellampus auratus maculatus); Zavattari, 1911b (as Ellampus); Grandi, 1929 (as Ellampus); Masi, 1932 (as Ellampus on leaves of Ficus); Grandi, 1936 (as Ellampus); Strumia, 1990 (as Omalus); Strumia, 1995 (ypt); Strumia, 1997 (host of Passaloecus pictus Ribaut), 2000, 2002, 2005; Rosa, 2005a, 2006b;
Umbria Rosa, 2005a;
Marche Erlandsson, 1972; Strumia, 1990 (as Omalus), 2005;
Lazio Lepri, year? (as Ellampus); Grandi, 1934; Rosa, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Abruzzo Zavattari, 1915 (as Ellampus); Erlandsson, 1972 (as Omalus on leaves of Arundo donax infested by aphids); Rosa, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Campania Erlandsson, 1972 (as Omalus); Strumia, 2005;
Puglia|Apulia Cecconi, 1908 (as Ellampus in Tremiti islands); Rosa, 2005a; Sttrumia, 2005;
Basilicata Strumia, 2005;
Calabria Gribodo, 1881 (as Omalus); Costa, 1882 (as Omalus); Invrea, 1933 (as Ellampus); Rosa, 2005a;
Sicilia|Sicily Ghiliani, 1843 (as Elampus); De Stefani, 1888 (as Ellampus; from gals by Cynipis kollari Hartig); De Stefani & Riggio, 1888 (as Ellampus); Arnone & Romano (1995) (on leaves of Punica granatum L.); Strumia, 2005;
Sardegna|Sardinia Costa, 1883; Mantero, 1905a (as Ellampus); Invrea, 1952 (as Ellampus); Rosa, 2004, 2005a; Strumia, 2005;
Distribution notes Gorgona

Biology of Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Known Hosts

Sphecidae Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.) in Rubus (Bequaert, 1909), Cemonus in gall of Cynips tozae Bosc. (Invrea, 1920), Pemphredon unicolor (Marechal, 1925), Trypoxylon figulus L., T.clavicerum Lep., T.attenuatum Sm., Cemonus unicolor F., Passaloecus turionum Dahlb. and P. gracilis Curtis (Giordani Soika, 1932), Trypoxylon figulus, T. attenuatum, Pemphredon lugubris, Passaloecus brevicornis, Rhopalum tibiale, Philanthus, Cerceris rybyensis (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Psenulus concolor (Dhlb.) in Rubus and in Sambucus (Leclerq, 1940, 1941), Passaloecus and Pemphredon in dead wood or in galls, Trypoxylon, Crabro (Grandi, 1951-1961), Cemonus shuckardi, Corynopus coarctatus (Danks, 1970), Passaloecus insignis (V.L.) (Jacob-Remacle, 1976), Rhopalum coarctatum (Morgan, 1984), Ectemnius (Pagliano,, Passaloecus singularis Dhlb. in Rubus (Leclerq, 1988), Pemphredon lethifer (Shuck.) and Passaloecus pictus Ribaut (Strumia, 1997)
Apidae   Ceratina (Grandi, 1951)
Colletidae   Hyleus (Grandi, 1951)
Megachilidae   Anthidium lituratum (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Anthidium (Grandi, 1951)
Notes on Hosts

Known Habitat

Plants for rest/refuge dry branches of Rubus fruticosus (Mantero, 1899), Rubus, Cornus, Populus, Vitis, Lonicera, Euphorbia, Ficus, Myrtus infested by Ceroplastes rusci L., Peach (Invrea, 1920), leaves of Ficus (Masi, 1932), leaves of Arundo donax infested by aphids (Erlandsson, 1972), leaves of Punica granatum L. (Arnone & Romano, 1995); in Rubus (Invrea, 1941)
Parasites Leptocryptus fragilis Grav. (Ichneumonidae) in Rubus (Marechal, 1926, 1927), Diomorus igneiventris (Chalcididoidea: Torymidae), Perithous divinator and mediator (Ichneumonoidea: Pimplinae) (Berland & Bernard, 1938), Diomorus calcaratus Nees (Chalcidoidea: Torymidae)
Biological notes the larva feeds on different supplies in Rubus: Aphids, Spiders, Flies, with a white silk cocoon (Danks, 1970). From gals by Cynipis folii Hart. and in nests of various Osmia (Cavanna, 1882), from gals of Cynipis kollari Hartig (De Stefani, 1888)

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For citation purposes

Agnoli G.L. & Rosa P. (2020) Pseudomalus auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), in: website. Interim version 07 August 2020, URL: